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China Red Cross Society and the birth of History

Time:2016-05-10 Click:351

China Red Cross Society and the birth of history has deep cultural and historical basis. First, after the "humanity" of Western philosophy and the Chinese Red Cross incoming Chinese traditional "Benevolence" and fit, it provided a foundation for the Chinese Red Cross Society was born; the second is caused by the Russo-Japanese War gave birth to the Chinese Red Cross rescue activities meeting.

The international Red Cross movement was born, first in the 1880s, spread to Taiwan. July 1894 after the Sino-Japanese naval battle, began to spread in China. Sun compatriots in Japan, just solid, due to the long business in Japan, learning to see the Japanese Red Cross benefit of the deep, Red Cross activities important to feel the suffering of the masses of Chinese and necessary, then with like-minded translation of foreign Red Cross organizations of the Constitution, wide for the dissemination of Western "humanitarian" concept. Sun Fu is considered the real "China Red Cross first advocate" and "humanity" of Western philosophy and the Chinese Red Cross fraternity love, good turn deserves another similar traditional moral thought, once spread, and soon recognized by society, so that people come to realize the importance of the Red Cross, the Chinese Red Cross society was born and laid a foundation.

February 1904 (the Qing dynasty three decades), Port Arthur in northeast China, Japan and Russia to compete in China's prerogative, Russo-Japanese War broke out, hundreds of thousands of our compatriots in dire straits. At that time, foreign nationals Port Arthur by the national government or the Red Cross to come forward and pick up the evacuation of the war zone. Declaration of neutrality of the Qing government to send vessels pick up Chinese compatriots, was Russia's refusal, boats are not allowed into the territory. To rescue refugees in China, Shanghai Customs Road and Tun Shen et al indignant, initiated the establishment of "Northeast Red Cross Lifeline good will." This is the earliest Chinese Red Cross and associated organizations.

In order to obtain international recognition, March 10, 1904, the Qing Dynasty minister Lv Haihuan about suppliers, Industry left Lang Sheng, who invited the neutral British, American, French and German representatives in Shanghai, the establishment of joint consultation "International Red Cross Shanghai branch. " Then recognized by the ICRC. Qing government, after that, to be recognized immediately, and set aside funds for two silver 100,000 (around the bureaucratic and business people also fundraising 200,000 taels of silver). This is the predecessor of the Chinese Red Cross. 1907 changed its name to Qing Red Cross. Early Chinese Red Cross is co-organized by the Chinese and foreign, government funding and has been recognized by the international community.

In 1911, the Revolution broke out, the establishment of the Republic of China, the Qing government perish. Qing Red Cross changed its name to the Chinese Red Cross. In January 1912, officially recognized by the International Committee of the Red Cross. In July 1919, she joined the Red Cross Society. In 1933, he renamed the Red Cross Society of the Republic of China. It has attached to the Ministry of the Interior, the Military Council and the leadership of the Executive Yuan.

October 1, 1949, People's Republic of China was founded. At that time the Republic of China Red Cross Society Menglin led some people went to Taiwan, local organizations have disintegrated. The Secretary-General Hu Lansheng seven people to form a delegation to Beijing in 1950, asked the central government to take over. According to Premier Zhou Enlai's instructions, the central government decided: In view of the special nature and historical situation of the Red Cross, through reorganization rather than taking over the way the old Chinese Red Cross is reorganized into the Chinese Red Cross; the relocation of Beijing Association, the existing In addition to workers who do not want to always go to Beijing, but all retained; always take good care of all the financial resources are not free to deal with; the Beijing Hutong, Dongcheng District, dried noodles 22 houses (early Republic of China Red Cross Society site) Proton let it out , as the venue is always moved to Beijing after.

August 2, 1950, the Chinese Red Cross held a consultative meeting on the restructuring of Beijing (actually the new China National People's Congress for the first time), through the reorganization of the Chinese Red Cross. The meeting clearly stipulates that China Red Cross "People's Medical aid organizations under the leadership of the Central People's Government", known as "China Red Cross." Premier Zhou Enlai personally reviewed the report on the restructuring, and personally revised the "Articles of Association of the Chinese Red Cross."

This reorganization, laid the foundation for the development of new Chinese Red Cross cause.

October 1961, the Second National Congress of the Chinese Red Cross was held in Beijing.

From 1950 to 1966 restructuring of the "Cultural Revolution" 10 years, the Chinese Red Cross in light of its nature and mission work in the newly established New China's economic construction and foreign affairs played a special role.

Internationally, the Red Cross Society of China after the reorganization in September 5, 1950 telegraphed Red Cross Society, and represented at the 21st session of the Council. In 1952, the Chinese government announced that Foreign Minister acknowledged Revised 1949 Geneva Convention in August, the 18th International Conference of the Red Cross and Red Crescent, Red Cross Society of China to recognize China as the sole legitimate national Red Cross. This is the first New China's lawful seat in the recovery in international organizations.

In China, the Chinese Red Cross restructured positive consolidation, development organizations, to assist the Ministry of Health launched the civil power to carry out medical and health work, there will always assist relief relief efforts. By 1966, the country has more than 400 county-level Red Cross organization, membership has increased to more than 50 million, more than grass-roots organizations 5000. Red Cross organizations at all levels to actively carry out activities such as medical and rescue personnel in the form of the organization of medical services teams marched Huaihe River site, the affected areas, ethnic minority areas, medical treatment for the masses to promote health and disease prevention knowledge; in the Korean War, organized seven volunteer service brigade, 666 people participated in the battlefield ambulance. In a large number of Japanese overseas assistance to return home to visit relatives, assist in the repatriation of prisoners of war and other aspects have also played a significant role.

In 1966, the "Cultural Revolution" began, the fledgling Chinese Red Cross is ultra-left trend of thought known as "closed-owned repair" hat was criticized, the Red Cross at all levels of the organization is revoked, most of the staff is always transferred or decentralized cadre, was forced to halt domestic work for 10 years.

In 1978, the beginning of reform and opening up, the State Council Document No. 63 Chinese Red Cross recovery of domestic work, China Red Cross organizations at all levels have been restored, the work gradually toward normal, embarked on the path of development and growth.

In February 1979, National Congress of the Chinese Red Cross, the third was held in Beijing.

May 1985, National Congress of the Chinese Red Cross, the fourth time in Beijing, the meeting made it clear: focus on China Red Cross Society in the country; the people of China Red Cross Society is a national health care and social welfare organizations, is the government's assistant; first the move to China Red Cross Red Cross accomplishing socialism with Chinese characteristics. In the "big four" spiritual guidance, the Chinese Red Cross organizations at all levels have been greatly developed, the work has made great progress. By 1989, the country's 30 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities will restore and build grassroots organizations reached 87,000, 8.5 million members.

In February 1990, National Congress of the Chinese Red Cross, the fifth held in Beijing. Start brewing draft "People's Republic of China Red Cross Society."

October 31, 1993, in all these efforts, the Fourth Session of the Eighth National People's Congress passed the "People's Republic of China Red Cross Society", with the national Order of the President promulgated. National law in the form of the Red Cross made a specification, since then, the Chinese Red Cross will embark on construction law track.

April 1994, National Congress of the Chinese Red Cross, the sixth held in Beijing, Vice Chairman of CPPCC Qian Zhengying elected president, President Jiang Zemin employed as honorary president of the Chinese Red Cross.

October 1999, National Congress of the Chinese Red Cross, the seventh held in Beijing. NPC Vice Chairman Peiyun was elected president of the Chinese Red Cross. Chinese President Jiang Zemin continued employed as honorary president of the Chinese Red Cross. "Seven" is a comprehensive implementation of the "People's Republic of China Red Cross Society" to accelerate the development of China Red Cross cause of a conference, President Jiang Zemin, Vice President Hu Jintao, Vice Premier Li Lanqing, Qian Qichen and other leaders met with delegates. President Jiang Zemin praised the "Red Cross is a lofty and great cause," and that "With the further development of China's reform and opening up, China Red Cross career prospects will be more broad." Premier Zhu Rongji in his letter also praised the Chinese government has done a lot of work to assist the Red Cross, "won a good reputation and the support of the community, it had a positive impact." Vice Premier Li Lanqing pointed out: "China Red Cross is the cause of our society a part of the Marxist cause. Red Cross relief work in the humanitarian community, and has its unique advantages, we have to use and take advantage of the Red Cross for the benefit of our peoples, for the construction of socialism with Chinese characteristics great utility services. ...... this is the needs of the country, the people's needs, but also the needs of the times. "national leader's speech, a congratulatory letter, fully affirmed the status and role of the national Red Cross Society of China in the construction of two civilizations, the majority Red Cross workers are greatly inspired and motivated.

July 1, 1997 and December 20, 1999, Hong Kong and Macao Red Cross Red Cross Red Cross Society of China has become a high degree of autonomy club. These are two major events in the history of the Chinese Red Cross.

December 29, 1999, the Central Organization Committee Office notice, "approved by the Central editorial leadership, the Red Cross Society of China by the 'Ministry of Health hosted" replaced by "the State Council Information", always straightened out management system, but also a strong impetus to the work of the local Red Cross, improve the management system. As of October 2002, the country has 29 provincial Red Cross to rationalize the management system. since 1978, restoration work, China Red Cross cause in the rise of reform and opening up, has made great progress, especially by the nature of the national Red Cross rescue organization people's health (1950), to the national people's health care, social welfare organizations (1985), and then engaged in humanitarian work in social assistance organizations (1993) shift can be seen, the Chinese Red Cross work content increasing continuously expanding, expanding extension. Chinese influence in the international Red Cross, more and more domestic large, it has become increasingly important, increasingly high status.

Recalling the Chinese Red Cross arduous course of history can be divided into two stages, namely before the 1904 to 1949 birth of People's Republic of China was founded 45 years, and 50 years in 1950 after the reorganization. With the dramatic changes in Chinese society and the history of ups and downs, the Chinese Red Cross came into being, has always been rooted in the majority among the people, and continue to develop, to grow, in different historical periods, in order to "improve the situation of the most vulnerable groups of the damage" and make its due contribution. "Historic, power in the world" is a centuries-old Chinese Red Cross appropriately evaluated.

 

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